Ireland - Eolaíocht Fhóiréinseach Eireann (EFE), Ireland Forensic Science Laboratory
 
 .......
 
The following list includes references to legislation regarding DNA databases and DNA identification
 
 
.... Belgium ....
 
 
 
Other legislation  
 
 
.... Brazil .... 
Decreto Nº 7.950, de 12 de março de 2013, Institui o Banco Nacional de Perfis Genéticos e a Rede Integrada de Bancos de Perfis Genéticos
 
Lei nº 12.654, de 28 de maio de 2012, altera as Leis n 12.037, de 1o de outubro de 2009, e 7.210, de 11 de julho de 1984 - Lei de Execução Penal, para prever a coleta de perfil genético como forma de identificação criminal, e dá outras providências.
 
Other legislation
 
 
.... Spain ....
 
Ley orgánica 10/2007 de 8 de octubre,  reguladora de la base de datos policial sobre identificadores obtenidos a partir del ADN
 
Ley orgánica 15/2003 de 25 de noviembre, de modificación del Código Penal
 
Real Decreto 1977/2008 de 28 de noviembre, por el que se regula la Comissión Nacional para el Uso Forense del DNA
  
Other legislation
 
 
 
.... USA ....
 
 
DNA Identification Act, 1994 (42 U.S.C. §14132) authorized the establishment of the National DNA Index. The DNA Act specifies the categories of data that may be maintained in NDIS as well as requirements for participating laboratories relating to quality assurance, privacy and expungement.
 
Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act, 2013, amends the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA)
 
Justice for All Act, 2004, to protect crime victims' rights, to eliminate the substantial backlog of DNA samples collected from crime scenes and convicted offenders, to improve and expand the DNA testing capacity of Federal, State, and local crime laboratories, to increase research and development of new DNA testing technologies, to develop new training programs regarding the collection and use of DNA evidence, to provide post-conviction testing of DNA evidence to exonerate the innocent
 
Other legislation
 
 
 
.... France .... 
 
Code de procédure pénale, article 706-54 prevu le FNAEG (Fichier National Automatisé des Empreintes Génétiques), créé par la  Loi n°2003-239 du 18 mars 2003 ,modifié par la Loi n°2011-267 du 14 mars 2011 
 
Loi nº 78-17 du 6 janvier 1978, relative á l’informatique, aux fichiers et aux libertés,modifiée par la Loi 2004-801 du 6 août 2004
 
Code procédure pénale, article A38, segments d'ADN sur lesquels portent les analyses destinées à l'identification
 
Other legislation
 
 
 
.... Ireland ....
Criminal Justice (Forensic evidence and DNA Database System) Bill 2013, provides for the establishment of a DNA database system for use by the Garda Síochána as an intelligence source for criminal investigations and also to assist in finding or identifying missing or unknown persons.
 
Data Protection Acts of 1988 and 2003 (consolidated version), gives effect to some parts of the Data Protection Directive (EU Directive 95/46)
 
 
Other legislation
 
 
 
.... Italy ....
Legge 30 guigno 2009, nº 85, istituzione della banca dati nazionale del DNA e del laboratorio centrale per la banca dati nazionale del DNA. Adesione della Repubblica italiana al Trattato concluso il 27 maggio 2005 relativo all'approfondimento della cooperazione transfrontaliera, in particolare allo scopo di contrastare il terrorismo, la criminalità transfrontaliera e la migrazione illegale (Trattato di Prum). 
 
Other legislation
 
 
 
.... Luxembourg ....
 
Loi 25 août 2006, relative aux procédures d’identification par empreintes génétiques en matière pénale et portant modification du Code d’instruction criminelle
 
Other legislation
 
 
 
.... United Kingdom ....
 
Protection of Freedoms Act, 1st May 2012, destruction, retention and use of biometric data
 
 
Data Protection Act, 1998 regulation of the processing of information relating to individuals, including the obtaining, holding, use or disclosure of such information
 
 
Other legislation
 
The following websites can also be consulted in the national language of the relevant country
 
.... Germany* ....
 
 
 
 
Bundesdatenschutzgesetz-BDSG) 2001federal data protection law of 20 December 1990 (BGBl.I 1990 S.2954), amended on 14 September 1994 (BGBl. I S. 2325), 16 December 1997 (BGBl. I S. 2325), 17 December 1997 (BGBl. I S. 2325) and 23 May 2001.
 
DNA samples exam: §§ 81a, 81e, 81f and 81g Strafprozessordnung; § 3 DNA-Identitätsfeststellungsgesetz
Database: § 3 Identitätsfeststellungsgesetz e §§ 2, 7 and 8 Bundeskriminalamtgesetz
 
 
 
.... Austria* ....
Sicherheitspolizeigesetz BGBl nr. 566/1991 and BGBl nr. 151/2004 
 
 
 
.... Denmark* ....
 
Lov om oprettelse af et centralt dna-profilregister, Law no. 434 of 31 May 2000, with amendments introduced by § 1 Law no. 369, 24 May 2005, Law no. 1559 of 20 December 2006, § 3 Law no. 347 of 14 May 2008, and § 1 Law no. 479 of 17 June 2008.
 
Opinion from the Ethics Council
 
 
.... Estonia* ....
Regulation no. 259 of 14 December 2006 - Establishing a national DNA register: Stututes for maintenance of the register and Order of the National Police Commissioner no. 51 of 10 February 2004; Code of Criminal Procedure.
 
 
 
.... Finland* ....
 
 
 
 
Law on personal data – no. 523/1999
 
Laws on criminal investigation – nos. 761/2003, 646/2003 and 449/1987.
 
Pakkokeinolaki – Law on coercion methods no. 450/1987 with amendments introduced by Laws nos. 646 of 27 May 2003 and 1098 of 8 December 2006, Chapter 6, Article 5.
 
 
 
.... Netherlands* ....
 
 
 
.... Iceland* ....
Lög um erfðaefnisskrá lögreglu [Law on the Police DNA File], Law no. 88 of 31 May 2001
Reglugerð um erfðaefnisskrá lögreglu [Regulations on the Police DNA File], no. 748/2008
 
 
 
.... Latvia* ....
DNS nacionäläs datu bäzes izveidošanas un izmantošanas likums – Law on the establishment and maintenance of the National DNA Database (adopted on 7 July 2004, in force since 1 January 2005), with the amendments introduced on 9 March 2006..
 
 
 
.... Lithuania* ....
 
Code of Criminal Procedure of the Republic of Lithuania, Law no. IX-785 of 14 March 2002, Art. 156 - legal basis for creating individual DNA profiles. 
 
Lithuanian Police Activity Law – provides the grounds for inserting data and maintaining forensic databases.
 
 
 
.... Norway* ....
 
 
 
 
Lov om humanmedisinsk bruk av bioteknologi m. m
Straffeprosessloven – Law of Criminal Procedure, 12:158, 12:160, 12:160ª
Forskrift om ordningen av påtalemyndigheten (påtaleinstruksen) ([Norsk Lovtidend] 1985:1679) – Legal system for accusation authority – Public Prosecutor (Chapter 11: central DNA profile repository)
Additions: Regulations nos. 961 of 5 September 1997, 1261 of 24 October 2003 and 53 of 30 June 2006.
 
 
 
.... Czech Republic* ....
 
 
 
Trestní Řád č. 141/1961 Sb., § 114 - Code of Criminal Procedure
 
Zákona o Policii  č. 283/1991 Sb., § 42e - Law on the Police
 
Závazném pokynu policejního prezidenta č. 88/2002 - Directive no. 88/2002 of the Police Department
 
 
 
.... Sweden* ....
 
 
Code of Criminal Procedure – Chapter 28, Articles 12-13
 
Law on Police Data (1998:622), Articles 21 to 28.
 
 
 
.... Switzerland* ....
 
 
 
Bundesgesetz vom 20. Juni 2003 über die Verwendung von DNA-Profilen im Strafverfahren und zur Identifizierung von unbekannten oder vermissten Personen (DNA-Profil-Gesetz), SR 363 – Legal Regime on DNA Profiles.
 
Verordnung vom 3. Dezember 2004 über die Verwendung von DNA-Profilen im Strafverfahren und zur Identifizierung von unbekannten oder vermissten Personen (DNA-Profil-Verordnung), SR 363.1 – Related regulations.
 
Verordnung des EJPD vom 29. Juni 2005 über die Leistungs - und Qualitätsanforderungen für forensische DNA-Analyselabors (DNA-Analyselabor-Verordnung EJPD), SR 363.11 – Regulations for test laboratories.
 
 
*according to Cíntia Águas in "Estudo comparado da legislação internacional", A Base de Dados de Perfis de DNA em Portugal, (Actas da Conferência CNECV de 13 de abril de 2012 em Coimbra), Coleção Bioética 15, Conselho Nacional de Ética para as Ciências da Vida, Lisbon, 2012.